CR faces numerous challenges in its effort to provide quality education for its students.

Poverty Level. Our students live in severe poverty in rural villages. Most of our families live on a daily income of less than $1.25 per person, the internationally accepted definition for poverty. The majority of village homes are “semi pucca” with mud walls and thatched roofs. They do not have toilet facilities. Cooking is usually done inside the house with inadequate ventilation with fuels such as cow-dung, firewood or crop residue, exacerbating the risk of tuberculosis. Water must be transported from community wells. Electricity is limited, and inadequate for evening study.

High Drop out Rate. While enrollment in Indian primary schools (grades 1-5) is increasing, less than 66% complete fifth grade. The percentage is even lower for girls, and poor students living in rural villages. Only 53% of students enroll in secondary school (grades 6-12).

Poor Quality Education. It is true that Indian primary school enrollment has improvedand literacy rates are increasing. However, secondary school participation is low and unevenly distributed, particularly in poor rural areas. Learning achievements in both primary and secondary schools are low. The average student is 3 learning levels below grade level. Teacher absenteeism is high. On any given day, 25% of teachers in rural government schools are absent, and among those present only half are teaching. Class supplies are extremely limited. Instruction is heavily dependent on wrote memorization, and student intimidation. Corporal punishment is used on a regular basis.

Limited Parental Assistance. India has 22% of the world’s population and 46% of the world’s illiterates. Out of the 29 districts in Tamil Nadu, the Villupuram District ranks 28th in literacy. 64.48% of males and only 53% of the women are literate. Consequently, parents cannot provide their children with the help they need to succeed academically. They have limited knowledge of the opportunities that are available outside their villages and can provide limited guidance for their children.